Plant-based meat has been making headlines more and more in recent years, as product sales have increased and industry investment has reached stratospheric heights. The expansion of plant-based meat may be linked to the newest generation of novel, high-quality products and increased consumer awareness of the challenges affecting the global livestock industry, and the view of plant-based meat as a healthy, sustainable alternative. It is similar to the alternative of gaming, as nowadays, you play at an online casino and get an amazing offer of Vulkan Vegas 50 free spins.
Even though plant-based meat substitutes have been around for a long time, they have traditionally been marketed at vegetarians and vegans who are willing to give up product quality for ethical grounds. On the other hand, plant-based meat manufacturers must target the 95 percent of customers who eat meat to genuinely have an influence on global meat consumption (as well as access the massive market potential that comes with it). Although these consumers are increasingly looking to reduce their meat consumption for health and environmental reasons, they are less likely to tolerate a drop in product quality; companies must make plant-based products that are nearly indistinguishable from the real thing if they want to appeal to them.
What Are the New Ways to Produce a Vegan Meat?
Here is how vegan meat is produced with the recent technologies:
Making Tasty and Marbleized Meat using Extrudable Fat Technology
Extrudable fat technology imitates animal fat in plant-based foods, resulting in more realistic fat textures like marbling. The technique enables you to extrude fat and then mix it with protein to make a superior component in which the fat and protein are physically connected. At those pressures and temperatures, fat would ordinarily convert into a liquid. Better flavor release, texture, taste, and moisture retention are achieved by balancing the ratio between fat and protein in a way that replicates what you’d find in a marbleized piece of meat like beef.
Using 3D Printing to Make Structured Plant-Based Meats
Start-ups like Redefine Meat and NovaMeat are using 3D printing to make structured plant-based meats. 3D printing allows for the development of personalized items with detailed forms and textures, such as marbling in steak or delineated zones of fat and muscle in bacon. Although speedy, scalable, and cost-effective 3D printing technology for the food sector is likely a long way off, Redefine Meat and NovaMeat are certain that they can be utilized to manufacture consumer items effectively.
Using Mycelia to Make Meat Substitutes
To develop structured vegan meat analogs, Atlast Food Co. and Meat are pursuing a different strategy. These businesses are looking into using mycelia to make meat substitutes. Mycelia, unlike mycoprotein, are multicellular and capable of growing into macro-sized structures, such as mushrooms. Mycelia is a simple, low-cost, and easy-to-grow plant that simply requires sugars and water as inputs and has a minimal carbon footprint. Mycelia can produce structured meat analogs due to their naturally fibrous structure, which resembles the fibrous texture of steaks, chicken breasts, and other meats. At last, Food Co. develops enormous slabs of mycelia that can be sliced and molded into meat-like items, such as the company’s first MyBacon product, and Meat creates vegan “steaks” using mycelia. Given the low cost of manufacturing and scalability of mycelia synthesis, it may soon become the preferred method for making realistic flesh analogs.
Shear Cells Plant-based Meat Processing
A high-temperature conical shear cell may also be used to produce high-temperature and shear-induced structures in protein mixtures. Wageningen University created a larger-scale Couette shear device based on the concentric cylinder rheometer principle. The sample material is put between the two cylinders in the shearing zone space, with a volume of 7 L and a 30 mm gap between them. Steam is used to heat the inner and outer cylinders while air and/or water cool them. The benefits of this new technique include the ability to produce more significant portions of fibrous meat mimics using a simple, mild, and cost-effective process.
Key Ingredients in Plant-Based/Vegan Meat
Plant protein is an essential component of any plant-based meat. It is vital for product identification and distinctiveness and is essential to the structure. One type of protein or a combination of multiple types can be used in a formulation.
- Soy protein still has the most meat-like flavor and texture of any plant protein. Since it has been in use for decades, a great deal of study has gone into it, and the texturization process has been refined.
- Because of its full amino acid profile, pea protein, popularised by Beyond Meat, is the fastest-growing category in the plant-based industry.
- In our meals, nine amino acids are required. Animal-based meals are termed complete proteins since they include all of them. Most of the plant proteins are incomplete, which means they lack key amino acids, while pea protein has all nine.
The usage of plant-based proteins as meat and fish alternatives is being influenced by the current trend toward flexitarian, vegan, and vegetarian diets. While most meat replacements are still based on soy or wheat gluten protein, novel meat analogs with different proteins, binders, taste enhancers, and natural colors are developing. In order to boost the juiciness and freshness of new plant-based protein meat and seafood analogs, the new research and development will need to respond and solve the interactions of tastes and colorants with plant-based proteins and how water interacts with plant-based proteins.